Future research senario for 50 years are;
- Genetic resource enhancement through collection from various local and exotic organizations/ institutes, maintenance and extensive characterization of germplasm based on growth period, disease resistance, drought/ heat tolerance, nutrient use efficiency, more responsive to CO2 and yield potential.
- Improvement of quality and productivity of crops and increase the efficiency of crop research through a national coordinated research programme especially to develop varieties of different crops suitable for different cropping system; improve production practices and develop on-farm seed selection and handling procedures.
- Evolution of new varieties of different crops and standardization of their production technology will be categorized region-wise specific to their environment and problems.
- To incorporate traits of drought and heat tolerance, disease resistance in the existing varieties/ promising lines capable of giving high yield at low levels of inputs through hybridization, mutation breeding and genetic engineering.
- Maximization of cropping intensity through inclusion of short duration varieties/crops in the existing cropping pattern.
- Hybrids of different crops will be developed to enhance the yield manifold.
- Biotechnology and tissue culture technology will be included in research programme to develop varieties and propagation of plants in short period and free from diseases.
- Production of pre-basic and basic seed of different crops at the Institute and multiplication in collaboration with private sector/companies will be initiated.
- Oil seed crops will be promoted through evolution of new varieties having higher oil contents and best fitted in the existing cropping system.
- Genetically modified (GM) varieties will be developed,whichare resistant to diseases and viruses, having ability to increase levels or bio-availability of different nutrients elements and to have better tolerance to non-biological stresses.
- Biotic and abioitic factors other than drought that limit yield will be studied.
- Dual purpose verities i.e. fodder as well as grain will be developed.
- Multi-cut fodder species/ varieties will be introduced.
- To search out methods of correcting nutrient deficiencies according to agro-climatic regions, the socio-economic situations of the region, the magnitude of disorder and nutrient element involved.
- Development of morphological and/or physiological mechanism to improve acquisition and use efficiency of mineral nutrients when grown on poor soils so as to achieve nutrient deficiency stress tolerance in plants. The efficiency will be compared under stress and adequate nutrient supply to verify plant species or genetic differences in nutrient utilization under optimal and sub-optical conditions.
- Inclusion of crop species and/or varieties in a cropping system to decrease dependence on chemical fertilizers through bio stimulants for N2-fixation and making available soil-P fixed and on insecticides through bio-control and disease resistance.
- To propagate the use of calcium for enhancement of quality yield production.
- Integrated pest management involving the use of cultural control, plant derived insecticides/ weedicides and resistant varieties to bring damage to below economic threshold levels in the farmers’ fields.
- Screening of early and off-season vegetable crops to be sown under tunnels, development of their production technology and promotion of their cultivation at farmers’ fields will be initiated.
- Identification of horticultural crops and selection of varieties best suited to this region and their production technology will be made.
- Research on olive adaptability, yield potential and oil contents will be continued.
- Best root stock of citrus and olive will be identified.
- Techniques for maximum water harvest will be developed.
- To motivate farmers for growing fruit plants (orchard) and raising nursery at their own fields by providing them true to type nursery.
- Efforts will be made for transfer of production technology through demonstration/farmer days, electronic media and booklets/ leaflets.
Future research senario with respect to specific crops are;
- Development of drought and heat tolerant material during grain-fill period in wheat.
- Development of nutrient efficient wheat material for food security in rainfed areas.
- Development of leaf, stripe rust, powdery mildew and foliar disease resistant material in wheat.
- Studies on yield depression in slow rusting wheat genotypes.
- Development of bold seeds, 3-4 seeds per pod and high oil contents in varieties of groundnut.
- Development of short duration varieties of groundnut to enhance cropping intensity.
- To identify drought tolerant lines and incorporate narrow leaf genes into high yielding varieties.
- To identify resistant genes through screening against Cercospora leaf spot and incorporate these genes in promising lines.
- Development of high yielding varieties;
- High yield with resistance to Aschochyta blight and Fusarium wilt
- High yield, more plant biomass, and resistance to Fusarium wilt.
Mungbean and Mash
- High yield, early maturing, bold seed size and resistance to yellow mosaic virus.
- Development of short duration varieties of chickpea and lentil to fit in chickpea/lentil-groundnut cropping system.
- In vitro and in vivo studies on chickpea filial generations to explore resistance against wilt.
- Development of high yielding and stress tolerant kabuli chickpea and cowpea varieties and its promotion in pothowar region.
- Incorporation of earliness in high yielding brassica varieties.
- Development of brassica cultivars with better oil content.
- Development of dual purpose varieties of fodder.
- Development of suitable rabi fodder.
- Studies to ensure availability of green fodder round the year.
- Studies on feasibility of increasing cropping intensity through suitable crop rotation for rainfed areas.
- Introduction of low cost tunnel technology for early and off season vegetable production.
- Promotion to off-season use of vegetable tunnels.
- Hybridization and screening of peas, chillies, tinda and ginger genotypes to develop disease resistant and drought tolerant varieties.
- Studies on effect of pruning on the yield and quality of citrus.
- Studies on the effect of rootstock on the vigour, yield and quality of citrus.
- Standardization of different olive propagation methods.
- Promotion of olive cultivation.
- Production of cut flowers in Pothowar region
- Introduction of early grapes varieties in Pothowar region.
- Maintenance and improvement of Peach GPU at Nowshera and Khatwai.
- Studies on effect of thinning on fruit quality and yield of fruit crops.
- Studies on impact of plant density on income and quality of fruit crops.
- Studies on comparative economic output of peach, plum, apricot, apple and grapes.
- Standardization of optimum time of budding peach nursery.